1. Rack Cabling: 1-5M
QSFP28 Passive DAC High Speed Cables include the QSFP28 to QSFP28 DACs and the QSFP28 to 4x SFP28 DACs, all of which are ideal for use within 5m. The QSFP28 DAC is an ideal solution to replace 100G optical transceivers for 100G short-range connections. If your 100GbE network is deployed in a 5m rack, the QSFP28 DAC passive high-speed cable is perfect for you.
2. Multi-mode Fiber Cabling between the Switches: 5-100M
There are two options for 100GbE cabling that uses multimode fiber between switches. One is to use the most suitable QSFP28 AOC active optical cable 3-20 meters. Another option is to use a QSFP28 SR4 optical transceiver with a 12-pin MTP OM3 / OM4 fiber patch cord. QSFP28 SR4 optical transceiver and 12-pin OM4 MTP fiber patch cord can support 100 meters of data transmission.
3. Single-mode Fiber Cabling between the Switches :100M-2KM
More than 100 meters but less than 2 kilometers are often referred to as medium distances. For most large data center operators, the 100GbE solution that is able to meet the medium-to-long distance at low cost is their best choice. QSFP28 PSM4 optical transceiver and QSFP28 CWDM4 / CRL4 optical transceiver are both suitable for long-distance 100G network. The PSM4 QSFP28 optical transceiver needs to be used with eight parallel single-mode optical fibers at a transmission distance of about 500 meters. CWDM4 / CRL4 QSFP28 optical transceivers need to be used together with single-mode fiber, the transmission distance can reach 2 km.
4. Long-mode Single-mode Fiber: ≤ 10KM
For very long 100GbE networks, such as connections between two buildings at distances of up to 10 km, the QSFP28 100GBASE-LR4 with an LC interface is the best defined by the IEEE and is typically used with single mode fibers. But now, the price of QSFP28 LR4 light module is still very high.
High-speed cables can only be used for short-haul connections between racks and at a fraction of the cost of optical transceivers, but their range of applications is limited. For most applications, various 100G optical transceivers still have an irreplaceable role. Gigalight supplies a variety of high-quality 100G optical transceivers, and ensures 100% compatibility. For more details, please visit its official website.